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JEL Classification:

Q51, Q52


We investigate drivers of preferences for policies of climate change mitigation in the European Social Survey. We find that the share of individuals who agree on poten-tially balanced budget policies (taxing fossil fuels and subsidizing renewable energies) are much less than those agreeing only on the subsidies. Right-wing political orien-tation, low education and income are significantly and negatively correlated with the probability of being part of the tax-and-subsidy group, while, somewhat surprisingly, age and gender are not significant. We as well find evidence of a strong seasonal effect with a significantly higher share of support for the tax-and-subsidy policy when inter-views are run in the hottest months of the year. We discuss the implications of our findings in terms of politically feasible climate change policies.


climate change preferences, tax on fossil fuels, subsidies on renewables